Human beings enjoy rhythm
Post written by Paul de Vries and Simon Droog.
In our series Architectural means we’re trying to find answers to the questions: Which architectural means do we have to create specific atmospheres that can elicit specific emotions? In this post we’ll talk about the aspect Rhythm as one of the architectural mean we have to create specific architectural atmospheres.
Rhythm can be described as an alternation of elements or movements over time. Human beings enjoy rhythm in various ways, like in music, art, architecture and even in nature. Rhythm can be simple, complex or a combination of both – ordered complexity or complex order.
The birds in figure 1 create a very dynamic scene. The wires, however, bring some order to all this chaos. Together they are like a music bar, where the birds are the notes and the wires the ledger lines. This is a good example of ordered complexity.
An example of complex order is Italian broccoli. Grant Hildebrand writes: “Italian broccoli [see fig. 2], one of the most wonderful of natural fractal geometries, can produce in Homo sapiens that most honest evidence of pleasure, a smile or a laugh. Its infinite progression of hierachical order generates delight.” (1)
Rhythm = Alternation of elements or movements over time.
- Ordered complexity: brings order to chaos
- Complex order: progression of (hierarchical) order generates delight
Variations in rhythm
“In the world of architecture you can also experience delightful examples of subtle variations within strict regularity.”
– RASMUSSEN, S.E. (1965) Experiencing Architecture (2)
In Origins of Architectural Pleasure, Grant Hildebrand gives the example of Arlington Row in Bilbury, Gloucestershire (see fig. 3). A row of traditional houses of the same type that are built within the same overall plan. Although they are of the same type, etc. they all exhibit some small differences – “variations on a theme within a […] pattern.” (3)
Hildebrand himself writes: “Arlington Row in Bilbury, Gloucestershire, presents to the eye seemingly repeated elements and seemingly repeated intervals – doors, windows, dormers, gables, chimneys – whose multitudinous minor variations make each iterations as different from any other, and as alike, as individuals of the same species.“ (4)
“[…] (We) take pleasure in seeing new patterns which are minor transformations of the original […]”
– HUMPHREY, N. (1980) Architecture for people : explorations in a new humane environment. (5)
- HILDEBRAND, G. Origins of Architectural Pleasure (p. 96)
- RASMUSSEN, S.E. (1965) Experiencing Architecture, 2nd Edition (p. 127)
- HILDEBRANT, G. Origins of Architectural Pleasure
- HILDEBRANT, G. Idem
- HUMPHREY, N. (1980) Architecture for people: Explorations in a new humane environment